History of mustard seed
Mention of mustard seed find in the biblical parables - in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. mustard seeds have been identified in unearthed near Baghdad Sumerian vessels. And already in the first century AD Roman Columella described the production of mustard seed.
Mustard seed and horseradish considered if necessary in the treatment of stroke, ulcers, boils and rheumatic pains. According to the authors of the various works of mustard seed name came from the Latin for mustum ardeum, significant enough that searing, Inflaming grape.
The production of this sauce made in France musztardnicy from Dijon (city and port on the canal of Burgundy), protecting top secret recipe. mustard seed dijońska became so famous that it has entered into festive menus personalities in Paris, and at the same time found many counterfeiters.
Mustard seed in the kitchen and medicine
Normally before adding to dishes mustard seeds are roasted in hot oil, to obtain a pungent aroma.
In medicine, mustard seed is used less frequently today, among other things, as a diuretic. These seeds are used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as a medicament so-called mucus, which coating, anti-inflammatory, laxative. Extract of mustard seed given the gastro-intestinal diseases, such as chronic inflammation of the stomach and intestines, digestive disorders, constipation, stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers. Externally they recommended by the tonsillitis and throat (rinse).
The volatile oil of this plant is the basic raw material pharmacological. It is used for the preparation of plasters mitigation rheumatic pains and colds. mustard seed oil has a variety of effects, including It stimulates the secretion of pancreatic juice and gastric. It works cholagogue facilitating digestion of food. It also has anti-bacterial properties and lowers blood pressure. The substance is also used for the production of extracts, and ointments.
The seeds of mustard contain significant amounts of oil fat (from 18 to 40%) and the raw material is also used for the extraction of oil therefrom technical and edible.
The basic ingredients are mustard seed shelled or unshelled, ground and defatted mustard seed seeds white or black, acidified with vinegar with salt, sugar and spices, among others, pepper, paprika, allspice, horseradish, tomato concentrate.