Mustard seed is known since prehistoric times. Pliny names over 40 therapeutic agents with mustard seed being the key ingredient. Romans used to add it to all their refined dishes. Legends say that mustard leaves grew incredibly fast. In the time it took to prepare a dish they would grow so large that they could be used in a salad. Mustard seed was also a frequently used ingredient of love potions.
There are several types of mustard seeds. Mustard seed is mainly grown in the Mediterranean and South-East Europe. In Medieval Times mustard seeds played an important role in the life on the household. Scattering mustard seeds over the doorstep was considered a bad omen, that meant there would be quarrels. Sowing mustard seeds into the bedsheets could strengthen the marriage, and burying mustard seeds in the garden at midnight had the power to ward off any curses cast by jealous neighbours.
MUSTARD SEED (brassica) is an annual, open-pollinated plant Its seeds
contain a significant amount of fat:
- Yellow mustard - approx. 28%
- Brown mustard- approx. 31%
- Oriental mustard - approx. 35%
Depending on the processing technique, it is possible to obtain oil that will be used in food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries as well as for technical purposes.
Press cakes cannot be used as feed for animals as they contain mustard oils. However, they can be used for producing mustard.
Brown and oriental mustard seeds are most typically used in sauces. Yellow mustard is a very good preserving agent and its often used for marinating. It can enrich the taste of gherkins as well as various vegetables and luncheon meats.
When grinded, it can be added to fatty meats, sausages, boiled fish, hot and could sauces, casseroles, and stewed vegetables. Its freshly cut leaves can be used in salads.
Apart from acting as a condiment, mustard seed has many practical applications. It can be used around the household to remove bad smells from pots and pans. It’s enough to put a couple of broken seeds into a pot and then fill everything with water. In medicine, it is mainly used in powdered form in poultices that improve blood circulation, relieve pain and inflammation. The downside is that mustard seeds can irritate sensitive skin.
Learn how to farm mustard seed!
Yellow mustard seed: its used as spices. The hot, burning taste of mustard comes from the essential oil from inside the seeds.
Brown mustard seed is used as condiment and also has medical application. Its colour ranges from dark brown to black.
Oriental mustard seed: contain ttannin that makes a good environment for mites and bacteria Gram (-) and Gram (+) to grow and proliferate.