Oriental mustard seed
Oreintal mustard seed, just like yellow and brown mustard also belong to the Crucferae family. It has straight, bush-like branches and can grow from 30 cm and 1,5m tall. Its bottom leaves are pinnate whereas the top ones are not divided. The flowers form small, 5 cm long stalks that contain rounded light-brown seeds.
Oriental mustard seeds can contain up to 50 % of high quality fat that is used for producing cooking oil. They also have therapeutic qualities. When treated with water and heat, a substance called sinigrin extracts essential oil that is used in plasters and poultices. Unfortunately, this treatment has a downside - it causes redness of skin.
Brown mustard plant seeds are also beneficial for the digestive system and are also used to treat hypertension or as an antipyretic agent.
Yellow mustard seed: its used as spices. The hot, burning taste of mustard comes from the essential oil from inside the seeds.
Brown mustard seed is used as condiment and also has medical application. Its colour ranges from dark brown to black.
Oriental mustard seed: contain ttannin that makes a good environment for mites and bacteria Gram (-) and Gram (+) to grow and proliferate.